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Hangstabilisierung mit Fundamentspfählen

A DeepEX Perspective


A. Introduction

Slope stability is a critical consideration in various civil engineering projects, especially when dealing with steep slope surfaces. Traditional methods of slope stabilization often involve extensive earthworks and reinforcement techniques. However, the utilization of foundation piles offers a modern and effective solution to enhance the stability of such challenging terrain. In this article, we delve into the benefits of employing foundation piles for slope stabilization and highlight how DeepEX software can streamline the design process and improve analysis accuracy.


Foundation Piles for Slope Stability - DeepEX software

Figure 1: Foundation Piles for Slope Stability - DeepEX software


B. Benefits of Foundation Piles for Slope Stabilization

Foundation piles play a pivotal role in improving the behavior of slope stability analysis in steep slope surfaces. Some key benefits include:

  • Increased Shear Strength: Foundation piles effectively transfer loads from unstable soil masses to more stable layers beneath the surface, thereby enhancing the overall shear strength of the slope.

  • Enhanced Factor of Safety: By redistributing stresses and reinforcing the soil, foundation piles elevate the factor of safety against slope failure, ensuring greater stability and resilience.

  • Reduction of deformations: Foundation piles can improve the stabilization of the soil mass,  resulting to smaller soil deformations.

  • Steeper Slope Angles: With the support provided by foundation piles, engineers can design steeper slope angles without compromising stability, maximizing land usage while maintaining safety standards.

  • Erosion Mitigation: Foundation piles help prevent erosion by providing structural support to the soil, safeguarding against surface erosion and mass movement, thus preserving the integrity of the slope.

 

C. Utilizing DeepEX Software for Slope Stability Analysis

DeepEX software offers advanced capabilities for designing and analyzing slope stabilization projects. With DeepEX, users can generate slope surfaces within minutes, seamlessly integrate foundation pile rows, and perform comprehensive slope stability analysis. The software's intuitive interface and robust features enable engineers to optimize designs and ensure the efficacy of slope stabilization measures.


DeepEX offers a comprehensive suite of methods to identify critical slope surfaces and assess slope stability. Through circular surface analysis, an automatic search method utilizing a random genetic algorithm, block type failure analysis, and more, DeepEX facilitates precise identification of vulnerable areas within the slope. Moreover, the software enables calculation of slope stability safety factors using a range of approaches, including the traditional limit equilibrium methods such as Morgenstern-Price, simplified Bishop method, Spencer’s method, and the ordinary Swedish method with slices. Importantly, DeepEX accounts for the influence of various factors intersecting with the slope surfaces, such as soil nails, ground anchors, soil reinforcements, and foundation piles, ensuring a comprehensive evaluation of slope stability conditions.


D. A Case Study: Analyzing Slope Stability with DeepEX

To illustrate the effectiveness of foundation piles in slope stabilization, let's consider a case study involving a sloped soil surface. Using DeepEX, we'll analyze the system through two methods:

  • Traditional Limit Equilibrium Analysis: Employing the Morgenstern-Price method, we'll conduct slope stability analysis. We will determine critical failure surfaces with the automatic search approach. Leveraging a random genetic algorithm within DeepEX, we'll identify the most critical slope surface, optimizing the design for enhanced stability and performance.

  • Finite Element Analysis: Utilizing DeepEX's Finite Element analysis capabilities, we'll consider reduction factors such as c'-phi and assess the slope's stability with greater precision and accuracy.


Model Generation with DeepEX

The user-friendly interface of DeepEX empowers engineers to swiftly generate diverse soil surface geometries to meet project requirements. In this instance, we simulated a rugged terrain and seamlessly incorporated a construction stage within the software. Utilizing DeepEX's intuitive graphical tools, we visually introduced a row of drilled foundation piles, each boasting a diameter of 2.5 feet and strategically spaced at 8-foot intervals.


Ground surface model in DeepEX – Before and after the pile row installation

Figure 2: Ground surface model in DeepEX – Before and after the pile row installation


LEM Analysis and Slope Stability Results

To initiate our slope stability analysis, we utilized the Morgenstern-Price method within DeepEX, considering non-circular slope surfaces. Leveraging the built-in random genetic algorithm, we meticulously evaluated various potential failure scenarios to identify the most critical slope surface. This comprehensive analysis provided insights into the safety factors associated with each scenario, both before and after the installation of the pile row.

Upon conducting the analysis, we observed a notable enhancement in slope stability following the installation of the pile row. Specifically, the safety factor increased from 1.18 to 1.45, indicating a significant improvement in the stability of the slope. This finding underscores the effectiveness of incorporating foundation piles as a means of reinforcing the soil and mitigating the risk of slope failure.


Slope stability analysis results before and after pile row installation - DeepEX

Figure 3: Slope stability analysis results before and after pile row installation - DeepEX


FEM Analysis with C’-Phi’ reduction Results

Employing the advanced Finite Element Analysis (FEM) capabilities of DeepEX, we conducted a comprehensive assessment of the slope stability model, accounting for the reduction of soil strength properties (c'-phi' reduction). This approach enabled us to investigate the behavior of the slope under varying conditions, while considering the effects of pile row installation. An important factor in this type of analysis is the selected FEM mesh density.


Through FEM analysis, DeepEX provided detailed insights into the safety factors associated with each model stage, both before and after the installation of the pile row. Remarkably, the findings aligned closely with those obtained through the traditional analysis approach conducted earlier. Specifically, DeepEX illustrated a consistent enhancement in slope stability following the installation of the pile row, corroborating the effectiveness of this reinforcement measure in bolstering the safety and resilience of the slope.


Slope Stability Analysis - FEM analysis with soil strength reduction in DeepEX

Figure 4: Slope Stability Analysis - FEM analysis with soil strength reduction in DeepEX


This parallel validation underscores the robustness and reliability of DeepEX's analytical capabilities, reaffirming its status as a premier tool for slope stability analysis and engineering design. By leveraging the power of DeepEX, engineers can confidently optimize their slope stabilization projects, ensuring optimal outcomes and long-term performance.


E. Conclusion:

Incorporating foundation piles into slope stabilization projects offers significant advantages in enhancing stability and minimizing risks associated with steep slope surfaces. With DeepEX software, geotechnical engineers and contractors can streamline the design process, improve analysis accuracy, and gain a competitive edge in executing earth stabilization projects. Embrace the power of DeepEX and revolutionize your approach to slope stability analysis for optimal outcomes and long-term success.


 


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